Types of bariatric Surgery
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy
The most commonly performed laparoscopic bariatric procedure is called a gastric sleeve. Bariatric sleeve surgery, or vertical sleeve gastrectomy, involves surgically narrowing the stomach.
Gastric Sleeve Procedure has been increasing in popularity and is the fastest growing weight loss surgery option.
Sleeve gastrectomy surgery is a restrictive surgical procedure.
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Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Surgery
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass has the most extended history of any weight loss procedure in the United States.
However, these procedures are decreasing drastically in America because more patients choose Sleeve gastrectomy. After all, the sleeve has fewer long-term side effects.
FREE BARIATRIC OBESITY SURGERY INFORMATION EBOOK
If you’re thinking about bariatric (weight-loss) surgery and you have doubts about whether it’s right for you, you’re not alone.
It’s a tough decision to go through with bariatric surgery, and that’s why we provide you with all the information and support you could need to help you make an informed decision. Therefore, if you have morbid obesity, then bariatric surgery should be a serious consideration for you.
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When the tested weight loss methods have failed, perhaps weight loss surgery is what you need. When you lose impressive amounts of weight, other diseases like type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, arthritis, sleep apnea, and others also improve significantly.
Most importantly, bariatric surgery saves lives.
Recent studies show that bariatric surgery patients live longer lives than morbidly obese individuals. You also can see the benefits of bariatric surgery when you look back on how individual lives have improved.
REDUCTION IN MORTALITY (EXTENDED LIFE EXPECTANCY)
Reduced lifespan due to obesity is essential to consider. For example, compared to a person of average weight, a 25-year-old obese man has a reduced life span and can expect a loss of about 12 years.
Bariatric surgery has been shown to improve lifespan by reducing excess body weight. In a recent study, bariatric surgery reduced overall mortality and the development of new health-related conditions in morbidly obese patients.
RESOLUTION OF OBESITY-RELATED HEALTH CONDITIONS
Obesity-related health conditions that may be improved or resolved with bariatric surgery include:
- Type 2 diabetes
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Osteoarthritis of weight-bearing joints
- Sleep apnea/respiratory problems
- Gastroesophageal reflux/heartburn
- Urinary stress incontinence
- Menstrual irregularities
- Skin breakdown
- Extremity venous stasis
- Long-term weight loss
Bariatric surgery is the most effective long-term weight-loss treatment.
The amount of weight a patient will lose after the procedure depends upon several factors. These include age, preoperative weight, motivation, exercise, and compliance with follow-up.
Bariatric surgery reduces excess body weight and, improving overall health, can improve patients’ lives in many personal ways. Some benefits are expected among patients; others are unique to each patient.
Here are some of the surgery benefits patients have described:
- Improvement of medical conditions
- Improved job or career prospects
- Reduced shortness of breath
- Increased energy level
- Regularly getting a good night of sleep
- Greater confidence
- Improved dating life
- Greater variety in choice of clothes
- Exercise is more rewarding
A variety of complications can occur with weight loss surgery. The risks of surgery depend upon which surgery you have and any medical problems you had before surgery. Some of the more common early surgical complications (one to six weeks after surgery) include:
- Blockage or leaks in the bowels
- Dehydration, nausea, and vomiting
- Significant medical complications after surgery can include
- blood clots in the legs or lungs,
- heart attack,
- pneumonia, and
- urinary tract infection.
Weight-loss surgery is a treatment option that alters the patient’s internal organs and functions, allowing for significant weight loss and the reversal or improvement of co-morbid conditions.
It is an effective means of long-term weight loss.
Weight-loss surgery is a tool that allows you to transform your eating habits to lose weight and keep it off successfully.
Selecting a bariatric program that offers a solid pre-and postoperative care plan in considering weight-loss surgery is essential.
Weight-loss surgery is a lifelong commitment on your part, and the program, hospital and surgeon you choose for your surgery should be one that will continue to support you throughout your journey.
- It is done Laparoscopically (Keyhole surgery)
- It is the only effective treatment for the long–term and sustained weight loss. It results in improved resolution of comorbid conditions, improved quality of life and self-esteem, and increased longevity.
- It is a highly sophisticated procedure for a complex disease.
- It is not a cosmetic surgery (It is not the same as liposuction).
- The results achieved are partly cosmetic.
- Patients lose 30–70% of their excess body weight over 6 months to 2 years.
- The hospital stay is 2–5 days only.
Weight loss surgery is recommended ONLY for people with one of the following :
- Severe obesity (body mass index BMI above 40
- BMI above 35 with a serious medical problem related to obesity (including diabetes, severe joint pain, sleep apnea, and many others) that would improve with weight loss.
- BMI above 30 with specific conditions, including a particular type of diabetes or a combination of diseases like high blood pressure, sleep apnea, high cholesterol, and diabetes (also known as “metabolic syndrome”).
- Certain races, such as Southeastern Asians and Indians, have more truncal obesity and will experience the effects of obesity at lower BMIs; consequently, these patients may be eligible for consideration of surgery at a lower BMI of 27.5 kg/m2.